Dates with no time or timezone component in Java/MySQL

I need to be able to store a date (year/month/day) with no time component. It’s an abstract concept of a date, such as a birthday – I need to represent a date in the year and not a particular instant in time.

I am using Java to parse the date from some input text, and need to store in a MySQL database. No matter what timezone the database, application, or any client is in, they should all see the same year/month/day.

My application will run on a machine with a different system timezone from the database server, and I don’t have control over either. Does anyone have an elegant solution for ensuring I store the date correctly?

I can think of these solutions, neither of which seems very nice:

  • Query my MySQL connection for its timezone and parse the input date in that timezone
  • Process the date entirely as a string yyyy-MM-dd


I concluded that the best way in my current application (a simple utility using jdbc directly) was to insert directly as a string. For a bigger Hibernate app I might bother to write my own user type. Can’t believe someone hasn’t already solved this problem in some publicly available code though…


Can we use JUNIT for Automated Integration Testing?

How do you automate integration testing? I use JUnit for some of these tests. This is one of the solutions or is totally wrong? What do you suggest?


JUnit works. There are no limitations that restrict it to being unit tests only. We use JUnit, Maven and CruiseControl to do CI.

There may be tools that are specific for integration testing, but I would think their usefulness is dependent on what type of system components you are integrating. JUnit will work fine for non UI type testing.


How to access java-classes in the default-package?

I’m working now together with others in a grails project. I have to write some Java-classes. But I need access to an searchable object created with groovy. It seems, that this object has to be placed in the default-package.

My question is: Is there a way to access this object in the default-package from a Java-class in a named package?


You can’t use classes in the default package from a named package.
(Technically you can, as shown in Sharique Abdullah’s answer through reflection API, but classes from the unnamed namespace are not in scope in an import declaration)

Prior to J2SE 1.4 you could import classes from the default package using a syntax like this:

import Unfinished;

That’s no longer allowed. So to access a default package class from within a packaged class requires moving the default package class into a package of its own.

If you have access to the source generated by groovy, some post-processing is needed to move the file into a dedicated package and add this “package” directive at its beginning.

Update 2014: bug 6975015, for JDK7 and JDK8, describe an even stricter prohibition against import from unnamed package.

The TypeName must be the canonical name of a class type, interface type, enum type, or annotation type.
The type must be either a member of a named package, or a member of a type whose outermost lexically enclosing type is a member of a named package, or a compile-time error occurs.

Andreas points out in the comments:

“why is [the default package] there in the first place? design error?”

No, it’s deliberate.
JLS 7.4.2. Unnamed Packages says: “Unnamed packages are provided by the Java SE platform principally for convenience when developing small or temporary applications or when just beginning development”.


How do I read the PAN from an EMV SmartCard from Java

I need to read account number from Maestro/Mastercard with smart card reader. I am using Java 1.6 and its javax.smartcardio package. I need to send APDU command which will ask EMV application stored on card’s chip for PAN number. Problem is, I cannot find regular byte array to construct APDU command which will return needed data anywhere…


You shouldn’t need to wrap the APDU further. The API layer should take care of that.

It looks like the 0x6D00 response just means that the application did not support the INS.

Just troubleshooting now, but you did start out by selecting the MasterCard application, right?

I.e. something like this:

void selectApplication(CardChannel channel) throws CardException {
  byte[] masterCardRid = new byte[]{0xA0, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x04};
  CommandAPDU command = new CommandAPDU(0x00, 0xA4, 0x04, 0x00, masterCardRid);
  ResponseAPDU response = channel.transmit(command);
  return response.getData();

Which class invoked my static method?

Suppose that I have a Java class with a static method, like so:

class A
    static void foo()
        // Which class invoked me?

And suppose further that class A has an arbitrary number of subclasses:

class B extends A { }
class C extends A { }
class D extends A { }

Now consider the following method invocations:;;;;

My question is, how can method foo() tell which class is invoking it?


It can’t, and that’s part of the problem with static methods. As far as the compiler is concerned and are exactly the same thing. In fact, they compile down to the same bytecode. You can’t get more similar than that.

If you really need this sort of information, use a singleton and turn foo() into an instance method. If you still like the static syntax, you can build a facade

Source: stackoverflow
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