Get the distance between two geo points

I want to make an app which checks the nearest place where a user is. I can easily get the location of the user and I have already a list of places with latitude and longitude.

What would be the best way to know the nearest place of the list against the current user location.

I could not find anything in the google APIs.


Location loc1 = new Location("");

Location loc2 = new Location("");

float distanceInMeters = loc1.distanceTo(loc2);



How to find multiples of the same integer in an arraylist?

My problem is as follows. I have an arraylist of integers. The arraylist contains 5 ints e.g[5,5,3,3,9] or perhaps [2,2,2,2,7]. Many of the arraylists have duplicate values and i’m unsure how to count how many of each of the values exist.

The problem is how to find the duplicate values in the arraylist and count how many of that particular duplicate there are. In the first example [5,5,3,3,9] there are 2 5’s and 2 3’s. The second example of [2,2,2,2,7] would be only 4 2’s. The resulting information i wish to find is if there are any duplicates how many of them there are and what specific integer has been duplicated.

I’m not too sure how to do this in java.

Any help would be much appreciated. Thanks.


To me, the most straightforward answer, would be using the Collections.frequency method. Something along the lines of this:

// Example ArrayList with Integer values
ArrayList<Integer> intList = new ArrayList<Integer>();

Set<Integer> noDupes = new HashSet<Integer>();
noDupes.addAll(intList); // Remove duplicates

for (Integer i : noDupes) {
    int occurrences = Collections.frequency(intList, i);
    System.out.println(i + " occurs " + occurrences + " times.");

If you want to, you could map each Integer with its number of occurrences:

Map<Integer, Integer> map = new HashMap<Integer, Integer>();
for (Integer i : noDupes) {
    map.put(i, Collections.frequency(intList, i));

HTTPS with Self-Signed SSL Certificate Issues… Solution or better way?

All I need to do is download some basic text-based and image files from a web server that has a self-signed SSL certificate.

I have been trying to figure out how to use HttpClient to do this, but getting the SSL to work is a nightmare that seems to be way too much trouble for such a simple task.

Is there a better way to perform these file downloads? Perhaps through a WebView or Browser feature? Reinventing the wheel of making a simple HTTPS GET request is a major pain, and is significantly holding up my development schedule.


I found two great examples of how to accept self-signed SSL certificates, one each for HttpsURLConnection and HttpClient.

HttpsURLConnection solution: Https Connection Android

HttpClient solution: Self-signed SSL acceptance on Android


Duplicated Java runtime options : what is the order of preference?

Considering the following command line

java -Xms128m -Xms256m myapp.jar

Which settings will apply for JVM Minimum memory (Xms option) : 128m or 256m ?


Depends on the JVM, perhaps the version…perhaps even how many paper clips you have on your desk at the time. It might not even work. Don’t do that.

If it’s out of your control for some reason, compile and run this the same way you’d run your jar. But be warned, relying on the order of the options is a really bad idea.

public class TotalMemory
    public static void main(String[] args)
         System.out.println("Total Memory: "+Runtime.getRuntime().totalMemory());
         System.out.println("Free Memory: "+Runtime.getRuntime().freeMemory());

How to create named pipe (mkfifo) in Android?

I am having trouble in creating named pipe in Android and the example below illustrates my dilemma:

res = mkfifo("/sdcard/fifo9000", S_IRWXO);
if (res != 0)
    LOG("Error while creating a pipe (return:%d, errno:%d)", res, errno);

The code always prints:

Error while creating a pipe (return:-1, errno:1)

I can’t figure out exactly why this fails. The application has android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permissions. I can create normal files with exactly the same name in the same location, but pipe creation fails. The pipe in question should be accessible from multiple applications.

  1. I suspect that noone can create pipes in /sdcard. Where would it be the best location to do so?
  2. What mode mast should I set (2nd parameter)?
  3. Does application need any extra permissions?


Roosmaa’s answer is correct — mkfifo() just calls mknod() to create a special file, and FAT32 doesn’t support that.

As an alternative you may want to consider using Linux’s “abstract namespace” UNIX-domain sockets. They should be roughly equivalent to a named pipe. You can access them by name, but they’re not part of the filesystem, so you don’t have to deal with various permission issues. Note the socket is bi-directional.

Since it’s a socket, you may need INTERNET permission. Not sure about that.

Here’s a quick bit of client/server sample code:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stddef.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/un.h>

 * Create a UNIX-domain socket address in the Linux "abstract namespace".
 * The socket code doesn't require null termination on the filename, but
 * we do it anyway so string functions work.
int makeAddr(const char* name, struct sockaddr_un* pAddr, socklen_t* pSockLen)
    int nameLen = strlen(name);
    if (nameLen >= (int) sizeof(pAddr->sun_path) -1)  /* too long? */
        return -1;
    pAddr->sun_path[0] = '';  /* abstract namespace */
    strcpy(pAddr->sun_path+1, name);
    pAddr->sun_family = AF_LOCAL;
    *pSockLen = 1 + nameLen + offsetof(struct sockaddr_un, sun_path);
    return 0;

int main(int argc, char** argv)
    static const char* message = "hello, world!";
    struct sockaddr_un sockAddr;
    socklen_t sockLen;
    int result = 1;

    if (argc != 2 || (argv[1][0] != 'c' && argv[1][0] != 's')) {
        printf("Usage: {c|s}n");
        return 2;

    if (makeAddr("com.whoever.xfer", &sockAddr, &sockLen) < 0)
        return 1;
    int fd = socket(AF_LOCAL, SOCK_STREAM, PF_UNIX);
    if (fd < 0) {
        perror("client socket()");
        return 1;

    if (argv[1][0] == 'c') {
        printf("CLIENT %sn", sockAddr.sun_path+1);

        if (connect(fd, (const struct sockaddr*) &sockAddr, sockLen) < 0) {
            perror("client connect()");
            goto bail;
        if (write(fd, message, strlen(message)+1) < 0) {
            perror("client write()");
            goto bail;
    } else if (argv[1][0] == 's') {
        printf("SERVER %sn", sockAddr.sun_path+1);
        if (bind(fd, (const struct sockaddr*) &sockAddr, sockLen) < 0) {
            perror("server bind()");
            goto bail;
        if (listen(fd, 5) < 0) {
            perror("server listen()");
            goto bail;
        int clientSock = accept(fd, NULL, NULL);
        if (clientSock < 0) {
            perror("server accept");
            goto bail;
        char buf[64];
        int count = read(clientSock, buf, sizeof(buf));
        if (count < 0) {
            perror("server read");
            goto bail;
        printf("GOT: '%s'n", buf);
    result = 0;

    return result;
Source: stackoverflow
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