I am building a simple app monitor to poll one of our API URLs and email us if it can’t get a HTTP 200 status code from the response (this would indicate our API is down for some reason).
I am using HttpClient 4.1 (this is important because its API differs greatly from 3.x).
Our API is secure with SSL, however entering:
into a web browser redirects you to
Without causing any errors.
When HttpClient attempts to hit this URL (
http://example.com/our-api), it fails with a
javax.net.ssl.SSLPeerUnverifiedException exception with a message stating:
peer not authenticated
I see this happening a lot for other people as is evidenced by this post (which also provides some ways of circumventing this problem – a solution that I am going to try and implement tonight in fact).
What this other post (and the other similar ones to it) do not do is explain why this is happening in the first place! So, rather than ask “how do I fix this?” I figured I would ask “why is this happening?” Before I go barging ahead with one of the proposed solutions, I’d like to know what the problem is that I’m attempting to fix 😉
If the server’s certificate is self-signed, then this is working as designed and you will have to import the server’s certificate into your keystore.
Assuming the server certificate is signed by a well-known CA, this is happening because the set of CA certificates available to a modern browser is much larger than the limited set that is shipped with the JDK/JRE.
The EasySSL solution given in one of the posts you mention just buries the error, and you won’t know if the server has a valid certificate.
You must import the proper Root CA into your keystore to validate the certificate. There’s a reason you can’t get around this with the stock SSL code, and that’s to prevent you from writing programs that behave as if they are secure but are not.