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Stream stateful computation: cumulative sums

Assuming I have a Java IntStream, is it possible to convert it to an IntStream with cumulative sums? For example, a stream starting with [4, 2, 6, …] should be converted to [4, 6, 12, …].

More generally, how should one go about implementing stateful stream operations? It feels like this should be possible:

myIntStream.map(new Function<Integer, Integer> {
    int sum = 0; 
    Integer apply(Integer value){ 
        return sum += value; 
    }
);

With the obvious restriction that this works only on sequential streams. However, Stream.map explicitely requires a stateless map function. Am I right in missing a Stream.statefulMap or Stream.cumulative operation or is that missing the point of Java streams?

Compare for example to Haskell, where the scanl1 function solves exactly this example:

scanl1 (+) [1 2 3 4] = [1 3 6 10]

Answer

You can do this with an atomic number. For example:

import java.util.concurrent.atomic.AtomicLong;
import java.util.stream.IntStream;
import java.util.stream.LongStream;

public class Accumulator {
    public static LongStream toCumulativeSumStream(IntStream ints){
        AtomicLong sum = new AtomicLong(0);
        return ints.sequential().mapToLong(sum::addAndGet);
    }

    public static void main(String[] args){
        LongStream sums = Accumulator.toCumulativeSumStream(IntStream.range(1, 5));
        sums.forEachOrdered(System.out::println);
    }
}

This outputs:

1
3
6
10

I’ve used a Long to store the sums, because it’s entirely possible that two ints add up to well over Integer.MAX_VALUE, and a long has less of a chance of overflow.

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Java subtract LocalTime

I have two LocalTime objects:

LocalTime l1 = LocalTime.parse("02:53:40");
LocalTime l2 = LocalTime.parse("02:54:27");

How can I found different in minutes between them?

Answer

Use until or between, as described by the api

import java.time.LocalTime;
import static java.time.temporal.ChronoUnit.MINUTES;

public class SO {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        LocalTime l1 = LocalTime.parse("02:53:40");
        LocalTime l2 = LocalTime.parse("02:54:27");
        System.out.println(l1.until(l2, MINUTES));
        System.out.println(MINUTES.between(l1, l2));
    }
}

0
0

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Change Toolbar Menu Item color (non-hidden action)

Say I have a menu (options_menu.xml) similar to the following:

<menu xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
      xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto" >
    <item android:id="@+id/action_login"
          android:title="Login"
          app:showAsAction="always"/>
</menu>

which I inflate into the new Toolbar item

mToolbar.inflateMenu(R.menu.options_home);

This results in something like

enter image description here

Is there a way to change this text color without using an image, changing the rest of the Toolbar text color, or by adding a custom view to the toolbar? Looking for an answer for minSdk 15 (appcompat).

Update:

My relevant style:

<style name="AppTheme" parent="AppTheme.Base">
    <item name="actionMenuTextColor">@color/ww_red</item>
</style>

<style name="AppTheme.Base" parent="Theme.AppCompat.Light.NoActionBar">
    <item name="colorPrimary">@color/red</item>
    <item name="colorAccent">@color/theme_accent</item>

    <item name="android:textColor">@color/text_dark</item>

    <item name="android:colorEdgeEffect">@color/gray</item>
</style>

Answer

In your theme file you have to put this :

<style name="AppTheme.ActionBar" parent="Theme.AppCompat.Light.DarkActionBar">
         ...
    <item name="actionMenuTextColor">@color/text_color</item>
         ...
</style>

and apply this theme to your Toolbar view like this :

<android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
   xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
   android:id="@+id/main_toolbar"
   android:layout_width="match_parent"
   android:layout_height="?attr/actionBarSize"
   android:background="?attr/colorPrimary"
   android:layout_gravity="top"
   app:popupTheme="@style/ThemeOverlay.AppCompat.Light"
   android:theme="@style/AppTheme.ActionBar"/>

android:theme=”@style/AppTheme.ActionBar” don’t forget this line in your toolbar

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Change multiple properties with single ObjectAnimator?

I have a pretty complex animation I need to code and I’m using a bunch of ObjectAnimators like the following:

ObjectAnimator objectAnimator1 = ObjectAnimator.ofFloat(view, TRANSLATION_X, value).setDuration(BASE_DURATION * 2);
ObjectAnimator objectAnimator2 = ObjectAnimator.ofFloat(view, TRANSLATION_Y, value).setDuration(BASE_DURATION * 2);

Is it possible to group the X and Y translations into the same ObjectAnimator rather than creating a bunch of them then adding them all into an AnimatorSet?

Thanks!

Answer

PropertyValuesHolder pvhX = PropertyValuesHolder.ofFloat(TRANSLATION_X, value);
PropertyValuesHolder pvhY = PropertyValuesHolder.ofFloat(TRANSLATION_Y, value);
ObjectAnimator animator = ObjectAnimator.ofPropertyValuesHolder(view, pvhX, pvhY);
animator.setDuration(BASE_DURATION * 2);
animator.start();

http://developer.android.com/guide/topics/graphics/prop-animation.html#views One ObjectAnimator

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Restarting Play application Docker container results in ‘This application is already running’ – RUNNING_PID is not deleted

Edit: There is a related issue being discussed on Github but in another mode of deployment (Typesafe Activator UI and not Docker).

I was trying to simulate a system reboot in order to verify the Docker restart policy which declares to be able to re-run containers in the correct order.

I have a Play framework application written in Java.

The Dockerfile looks like this:

FROM ubuntu:14.04
#
#  [Java8, ...]
#
RUN chmod +x /opt/bin/playapp
CMD ["/bin/bash"]

I start it using $ docker run --restart=always -d --name playappcontainer "./opt/bin/playapp".

When I $ service docker stop && service docker restart and then $ docker attach playappcontainer the console tells me:

Play server process ID is 7
This application is already running (Or delete /opt/RUNNING_PID file)

Edit: Same result when I follow the recommendation of the Play documentation to change the location of the file to /var/run/play.pid with -Dpidfile.path=/var/run/play.pid.

Play server process ID is 7
This application is already running (Or delete /var/run/play.pid file).

So: Why is the file containing the RUNNING_PID not deleted when the docker daemon stops, gets restartet and restarts previously run containers?


When I $ docker inspect playappcontainer, it tells me:

"State": {
    "ExitCode": 255,
    "FinishedAt": "2015-02-05T17:52:39.150013995Z",
    "Paused": false,
    "Pid": 0,
    "Restarting": true,
    "Running": true,
    "StartedAt": "2015-02-05T17:52:38.479446993Z"
},

Although:

The main process inside the container will receive SIGTERM, and after a grace period, SIGKILL.

from the Docker reference on $ docker stop

To kill a running Play server, it is enough to send a SIGTERM to the process to properly shutdown the application.

from the Play Framework documentation on stopping a Play application

Answer

I sorted out a working workaround based on the answers and my further work on this question. If I start the containers as follows, they’ll be up after an (un)expected stop/restart. The conflicting RUNNING_PID file won’t prevent the container from restarting.

$ sudo docker run --restart=on-failure:5 -d 
--name container my_/container:latest 
sh -c "rm -f /var/run/play.pid && ./opt/bin/start 
-Dpidfile.path=/var/run/play.pid"

What it does is deleting the file containing the process ID which is put at a specific place using an option everytime before running the binary.

Source: stackoverflow
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