Adding new value to existing Stream

Is there is a good way to add a new value to existing Stream? All I can imagine is something like this: public Stream addToStream(Stream stream, T elem ) { List

Is there is a good way to add a new value to existing Stream? All I can imagine is something like this:

public <T> Stream<T> addToStream(Stream<T> stream, T elem ) {
    List<T> result = stream.collect(Collectors.toList());

But I’m looking for something more concise that I can use in lambda expression without verbosity.

Another question appeared when I tried to implement PECS principle:

public <T> Stream<? super T> addToStream(Stream<? super T> stream, T elem ) {
    List<? super T> result = stream.collect(Collectors.toList()); //error

Seems like wildcard doesn’t work with Stream.collect and I’m wondering why. Thanks in advance.


The question belies an incorrect assumption: that streams actually contain their data. They do not; streams are not data structures, they are a means for specifying bulk operations across a variety of data sources.

There are combinators for combining two streams into one, such as Stream.concat, and factories for creating streams from a set of known elements (Stream.of) or from collections ( So you can combine these if you want to produce a new stream that is the concatenation of the stream you have in hand, along with a new stream describing the new elements.

The problem in your PECS example is that you’ve got three occurrences of ? super T, and you are assuming they describe the same type, but they do not. Each occurrence of a wildcard corresponds to a unique capture, which isn’t what you want; you need to give that type variable a name so the compiler knows that the type of the list and the type of the input stream are the same. (Also, don’t materialize a collection; that’s expensive, and potentially non-terminating if the stream is not finite. Just use concat.) So the answer is: you just got the generics wrong. Here’s one way to do it:

public<T> Stream<T> appendToStream(Stream<? extends T> stream, T element) {
    return Stream.concat(stream, Stream.of(element));

You confused yourself with PECS because you were thinking about “inserting” into the stream, when in fact you’re consuming from it.

Source: stackoverflow
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