Categories
discuss

Produce heading hierarchy as ordered list

I’ve been pondering this for a while but cannot come up with a working solution. I can’t even psuedo code it… Say, for example, you have a page with a heading structure like this:

I’ve been pondering this for a while but cannot come up with a working solution. I can’t even psuedo code it…

Say, for example, you have a page with a heading structure like this:

<h1>Heading level 1</h1>

    <h2>Sub heading #1</h2>

    <h2>Sub heading #2</h2>

        <h3>Sub Sub heading</h3>

    <h2>Sub heading #3</h2>

        <h3>Sub Sub heading #1</h3>

        <h3>Sub Sub heading #2</h3>

            <h4>Sub Sub Sub heading</h4>

    <h2>Sub heading #4</h2>

        <h3>Sub Sub heading</h3>

Using JavaScript (any framework is fine), how would you go about producing a list like this: (with nested lists)

<ol>
    <li>Heading level 1
        <ol>
            <li>Sub heading #1</li>
            <li>Sub heading #2
                <ol>
                    <li>Sub Sub heading</li>
                </ol>
            </li>
            <li>Sub heading #3
                <ol>
                    <li>Sub Sub heading #1</li>
                    <li>Sub Sub heading #2
                        <ol>
                            <li>Sub Sub Sub heading (h4)</li>
                        </ol>
                    </li>
                </ol>
            </li>
            <li>Sub heading #4
                <ol>
                    <li>Sub Sub heading</li>
                </ol>
            </li>
        </ol>
    </li>
</ol>

Everytime I try and begin with a certain methodology it ends up getting very bloated.

The solution needs to traverse each heading and put it into its appropriate nested list – I keep repeating this to myself but I can’t sketch out anything!

Even if you have a methodology in your head but haven’t got time to code it up I’d still like to know it! 🙂

Thank you!

Answer

First, build a tree. Pseudocode (because I’m not fluent in Javascript):

var headings = array(...);
var treeLevels = array();
var treeRoots = array();

foreach(headings as heading) {
    if(heading.level == treeLevels.length) {
        /* Adjacent siblings. */

        if(heading.level == 1) {
            treeRoots[] = heading;  // Append.
        } else {
            treeLevels[treeLevels.length - 2].children[] = heading;  // Add child to parent element.
        }

        treeLevels[treeLevels.length - 1] = heading;
    } else if(heading.level > treeLevels.length) {
        /* Child. */

        while(heading.level - 1 > treeLevels.length) {
            /* Create dummy headings if needed. */
            treeLevels[] = new Heading();
        }

        treeLevels[] = heading;
    } else {
        /* Child of ancestor. */

        treeLevels.remove(heading.level, treeLevels.length - 1);

        treeLevels[treeLevels.length - 1].children[] = heading;
        treeLevels[] = heading;
    }
}

Next, we transverse it, building the list.

function buildList(root) {
    var li = new LI(root.text);

    if(root.children.length) {
        var subUl = new UL();
        li.children[] = subUl;

        foreach(root.children as child) {
            subUl.children[] = buildList(child);
        }
    }

    return li; 
}

Finally, insert the LI returned by buildList into a UL for each treeRoots.

In jQuery, you can fetch header elements in order as such:

var headers = $('*').filter(function() {
    return this.tagName.match(/hd/i);
}).get();
Source: stackoverflow
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Privacy Policy, and Copyright Policy. Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted. The answers/resolutions are collected from stackoverflow, are licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0 © No Copyrights, All Questions are retrived from public domain..